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ID number:565225
Published: 12.11.2006.
Language: English
Level: College/University
Literature: n/a
References: Not used

Civil engineers plan, design, develop and manage projects for the construction or repair of various structures and infrastructures. These include buildings, roads, airports, railways, rapid transit facilities, bridges, dams, ports and coastal installations, and systems related to highway and transportation services, water distribution and sanitation. Civil engineers may also specialize in foundation analysis, building and structural inspection, surveying and municipal planning. Civil engineers are employed by engineering consulting companies, municipal and other levels of government, and in many other industries. They may also be self-employed.

A land survey is performed for the purpose of locating, describing, monumenting and mapping the boundaries and corners of a parcel of land. It may also include mapping of the topography of the parcel, and the location of buildings or other improvements upon the parcel.

Land or engineering surveyors measure and chart the precise shape of natural and artificial features on a site’s surface. The data forms the basis of plans used for civil engineering and construction projects, such as new transport infrastructure - roads, tunnels and bridges; land redevelopment, mining, quarrying and waste management operations; and installation of power, energy and water supply networks.…

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