Insurance and Loans in Latvian Market
The aim of the research is to study insurance and loan market in Latvia. To achieve the aim of the research the following tasks were set up:
1.To sum up theory about loans and insurance;
2.To provide information on one of the biggest insurance company “BTA”;
3.To find out the most suitable credit conditions for small companies in Latvia.
4.To draw conclusions and make suggestions.
Two research methods were used to achieve the aim of the research - monographic (to collect and sum up information) and statistical method (to analyze and compare information).
In law and economics insurance is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of contingent loss. Insurance is defined as the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss from one entity to another.
The essence of insurance is to diminish financial risks, compensation of losses from the central fund, which is formed by the payments of interested persons.
Forms of insurance are classified by:
The way how persons are involved in insurance - voluntarily and obligatory;
The insurance object - property insurance - the insured risks, types of property; insurance risks involving business – business break insurance, insurance of financial risks, insurance against cancelling of events; guarantees; insurance of the political risks; insurance of credits; insurance against malicious acts of employees.
The credit is the lending of money or other replaceable things that credit institution gives to an individual person or a legal entity and that gives rights to the person to operate with money or other replaceable things. The credit imposes responsibility to return money or other replaceable things with or without interest.…