Cilmes šūnu pārprogrammēšana
6)How it improved the particular scientific field?
Researchers are constantly working to better understand how cell reprogramming works in order to develop better methods for controlling stem cell differentiation. iPSCs are being used to study and develop treatments for many diseases, such as a way to replace cells destroyed by diseases. Genetic errors that cause diseases vary from patient to patient. Bespoke treatments to fix patient’s specific genetic problems could be possible using iPSCs. Additionally, transplantations of iPSCs will not be rejected by patients’ immune systems because iPSCs are created from a patient’s own cells. Currently, induced stem cells are used to model diseases, screen (selectively select) drugs, and verify the toxicity of various drugs.