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  • Progress in Renewable Energy Technologies: Innovation Potential in Latvia

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ID number:771195
Evaluation:
Published: 25.07.2022.
Language: English
Level: College/University
Literature: 68 units
References: Not used
Time period viewed: 2018.g. - 2020.g.
Table of contents
Nr. Chapter  Page.
  INTRODUCTION    13
1.  RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION    15
1.1.  Solar energy    15
1.2.  Wind energy    16
1.3.  Hydropower energy    18
1.4.  Biofuel energy    18
2.  RENEWABLE ENERGY REVIEW IN EUROPE    23
2.1.  Renewable energy technologies review in Northern Europe    28
2.2.  Renewable energy technologies review in Latvia    32
3.  MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING TOWARDS RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT    44
4.  METHODOLOGY    48
4.1.  Application of the TOPSIS method in Matlab software    52
5.  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION    60
  CONCLUSIONS    71
  RECOMMENDATIONS    73
  REFERENCES    75
  LIST OF PUBLICATIONS    80
  LIST OF CONFERENCES    81
Extract

CONCLUSIONS
1. There is a general consensus that proposed statement (hypothesis) about the development of MCDM for analysing RET progress and innovation potential in Latvia is approved and used methodology is accepted as convenient.
2. A comprehensive RET evaluation implied four dimensions – technical, economic,
environmental and social. The research was defined as the MCDM problem, where the question was to decide which RET have the highest potential of development. The extensive literature review conducted shows that MCDM is one of the most used tools for sustainable development evaluation issues.
3. As results show, the dominant countries in shares of renewable energy (Sweden, Finland) have the same RET development trends as Latvia. The leading countries have large resources of hydropower, which represents the high share of HPP in electricity production (Finland –
43,4%, Sweden – 58,5%, Latvia – 87,0%).
4. The result analysis carried out that Latvia should follow the example of Sweden in electricity production and implement WPP installations. Denmark, Lithuania and Sweden also shows high shares of WPP in electricity production – Denmark has 70,9% share of WPP, Lithuania – 62,0% and Poland – 71,5%. Latvia is considered as one of the most efficient locations for
scaling up wind deployment. Supporting wind-based electricity generation presents
profitable markets for investors.
5. For Latvia, bio-energy CHP installations should be considered as sufficiently developed RET. Extra research on the development of low-quality biomass (for example, logging residues) usage is recommended. Bio-energy technologies need to be developed to assess
the EU 2020 targets.

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