The Image of Vampire in 19th Century British Literature
|1.||VAMPIRE IN EUROPEAN CULTURE||9|
|1.1.||Vampire Tradition in European Literature||9|
|1.1.1.||Vampire Fiction as a Subgenre of the Gothic Novel||16|
|1.1.2.||Peculiarities of the Supernatural in Vampire Fiction||24|
|2||MAYOR PARADIGMS OF 19TH CENTURY BRITAIN||27|
|2.1.||Scientific context of the 19th century||27|
|2.2.||Social context of the 19th century||31|
|3.||VAMPIRE’S IMAGE IN 19TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERARY WORKS||33|
|3.3.||“Varney the Vampyre: or Feast of Blood”||39|
The aim of this paper was to analyze and study transformations of image of vampire in literary works during the 19th century and to study the earliest image of European vampire. The main objective of this paper was to provide research into the modification of the vampire's image during 19th century. Description given below is a summarization of the analysis that can be found also in Appendix one, two and three. Conclusions given below answers the question: How does the image of literary vampire transform in the course of 19th century? And proves the hypothesis of the paper: The image of Vampire has been modified dramatically during the 19th century.
The folklore vampire came back to the village, his home and to people among whom he lived to death. Thus, the vampire was inclined to attack those whom he loved most of all in life. Actually this characteristic reflects one of the main distinctions between the traditional vampire of folklore and the literary vampire created in the 19th century. The folklore vampire was part of rural culture. He was limited by the place of burial and the house in the village where he settled again. On the contrary, Lord Ruthven, Varney the Vampire and Dracula are citizens of the whole world. Ruthven traveled where he wished to. Dracula is a little more attached since he had had to take with him the native soil. He could visit London, but during travel he had to choose victims at night, leaving places meant for resting. Carmilla is attached to rather small area. But she could travel out of borders of the local village. Another difference between literary vampires of the folklore vampires is seen in destiny of the victim. Generally first attacks of the folklore vampires were rarely fatal. Usually vampires took people lives away during a certain period of time, after repeating attack, which left the victim in the exhausted state or with an illness, which exhausted it.
Literary vampires often immediately kill the victims, as, for example, in a case with Lord Ruthven, but not with Varney, Carmilla or Dracula. Varney is conscientious and does not kill his victims. …