Modern Political Theories. Behavioralism
Behavioraly inclined political scientists in the 1950s borrowed the psychologists approach and accumulated statistics from elections, public opinion surveys, votes in legislatures, and anything else they could hang a number on. Behavioralists made some remarkable contributions to political science, shooting down some long- held but unexamined assumptions and giving political theory an empirical basis from which to work.
The behavioral school established in the late 1950s, but by the early 1960s behavioralism was no longer a minority science, it become as dominant way in political science.
Increasing influence of political science in all science, 2 WW stimulated the development of behavioral approach in the USA. Many people think differently from main traditionalist theories. They started to make their own science.
Behavioralism adopted a number of critical positions in regart to the nature of science. It rejected the argument that the social sciences include many different requirements from those that are mandated by the natural sciences. They think that there are only one way of doing science and this way is strongly depend by human behavior. Human behavior on the other hand, is methodological unity of sciences.
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- Modern Political Theories. Behavioralism
- Modern Political Theory. Systems Approach, Structural- Functionalism, Political Process