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ID number:951194
Author:
Evaluation:
Published: 18.02.2005.
Language: English
Level: College/University
Literature: 10 units
References: Not used
Table of contents
Nr. Chapter  Page.
  Introduction    3
Chapter 1.  The Historical Background of Cold War    5
1.1.  The Historical Context    5
1.2.  Causes and Interpretations    10
Chapter 2.  The Cold War Chronology    17
2.1.  The War Years    17
2.2.  The Truman Doctrine    25
2.3.  The Marshall Plan    34
Chapter 3.  The Role of Cold War in American History and Diplomacy    37
3.1.  Declaration of the Cold War    37
3.2.  Сold War Issues    40
  Conclusion    49
  Glossary    50
  The reference list    51
Extract

This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our purpose is to find out the causes of this war, positions of the countries which took part in it. We also will discuss the main Cold War's events.
The Cold War was characterized by mutual distrust, suspicion and misunderstanding by both the United States and Soviet Union, and their allies. At times, these conditions increased the likelihood of the third world war. The United States accused the USSR of seeking to expand Communism throughout the world. The Soviets, meanwhile, charged the United States with practicing imperialism and with attempting to stop revolutionary activity in other countries. Each block's vision of the world contributed to East-West tension. The United States wanted a world of independent nations based on democratic principles. The Soviet Union, however, tried control areas it considered vital to its national interest, including much of Eastern Europe.
Through the Cold War did not begin until the end of World War II, in 1945, U.S.-Soviet relations had been strained since 1917. In that year, a revolution in Russia established a Communist dictatorship there. During the 1920's and 1930's, the Soviets called for world revolution and the destruction of capitalism, the economic system of United States. The United States did not grant diplomatic recognition to the Soviet Union until 1933.
In 1941, during World War II, Germany attacked the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union then joined the Western Allies in fighting Germany. For a time early in 1945, it seemed possible that a lasting friendship might develop between the United States and Soviet Union based on their wartime cooperation. However, major differences continued to exist between the two, particularly with regard to Eastern Europe. As a result of these differences, the United States adopted a "get tough" policy toward the Soviet Union after the war ended. The Soviets responded by accusing the United States and the other capitalist allies of the West of seeking to encircle the Soviet Union so they could eventually overthrow its Communist form of government.
The subject of Cold War interests American historicans and journalists as well as Russian ones. In particular, famous journalist Henryh Borovik fraces this topic in his book. He analyzes the events of Cold War from the point of view of modern Russian man. With appearing of democracy and freedom of speech we could free ourselves from past stereotype in perception of Cold War's events as well as America as a whole, we also learnt something new about American people's real life and personality. A new developing stage of relations with the United States has begun with the collapse of the Soviet Union on independent states. And in order to direct these relations in the right way it is necessary to study events of Cold War very carefully and try to avoid past mistakes. Therefore this subject is so much popular in our days.
This graduation paper consist of three chapters. The first chapter maintain the historical documents which comment the origins of the Cold War.
The second chapter maintain information about the most popular Cold War's events.
The third chapter analyze the role of Cold War in World policy and diplomacy. The chapter also adduce the Cold War issues.…

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