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ID number:756353
Author:
Evaluation:
Published: 29.12.2009.
Language: English
Level: College/University
Literature: 2 units
References: Not used
Table of contents
Nr. Chapter  Page.
  INTRODUCTION    3
  DEFINING POVERTY    4
  THE EXTENT OF POVERTY    6
  CULTURAL DEFINITIONS    8
  WHO ARE THE POORE    9
  CONCLUSION    14
  THE LITERATURE LIST    15
Extract

Poverty, which at first glance seems a simple and concrete term, is surprisingly hard to define. Some time ago, the federal government adopted monetary income as the criterion for measuring poverty and establishing some basis for program eligibility. Currently, official poverty statistics are based on a calculation by the Social Security Administration. The Social Security Administration first established the official poverty line in 1963, based on their estimations of the amount of money needed to maintain a minimally healthy diet. They based their computations on the conclusion by the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1954 that the average family in the United States spent approximately one – third of its net income on food. Officials in the Social Security Administration took a low – cost food budget (as prepared by the USDA), multiplied by three, and called the result the poverty line for a family of four. In 1964 the first official poverty line was established as $3,000 for a family of four.
Since 1974 the Economy Food Plan has been used as the standard food budget figure in determining the poverty line, even though the USDA does not consider this food plan to be nutritionally adequate for long – term use – a fact that is ignored in establishing the poverty line. In fact, it is estimated that 80 percent of households whose expenditures for food are similar to those of the average food stamp recipient fail to obtain the dietary allowance recommended by the National Academy of Science. …

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