Trafficking in Human Beings
1. Trafficking in human beings in Europe is not a new phenomenon.
2. In the latest years it influence Latvia as well after when Eastern European countries opened their borders after the fall of the iron curtain.
3. Worldwide, more than one million human beings are trafficked across international borders each year. Of those, it is believed that more than 80 percent are women and girls, and that 70 percent of them were forced into sexual servitude.
4. Mainly girls are exploited every year in the multi-billion dollar sex industry, one third of all girls are subject to coercive sexual relations, one fifth are victims of forced marriages and close to a million were infected last year with HIV.
But the important point here is that there is always, behind this appalling crime, a human face - a human being - which is why trafficking constitutes such a severe assault on our common humanity. Accordingly, it must be seen first and foremost as a human rights problem.
Trafficked persons are entitled to protection, assistance and redress in their own right, regardless of their willingness or capacity to press charges and/or give testimony against their traffickers.
Trafficking in persons constitutes first and foremost a human rights violation. A response to this crime therefore necessitates a strong human rights based, victimcentered approach.