The Kyoto Protocol
The Protocol was approved in 1997, the third United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Kyoto (Japan), after long talks of the Contracting Parties. Protocol aims is to promote greenhouse gas emission-reducing measures and to introduced it at national and international level. Into the protocol has been incorporated specific targets and time limits for industrialized countries in anthropogenic (human caused) greenhouse gas emission limitation and reduction.
The Kyoto Protocol enters into force for all their ratified countries, starting with 16. February, because of two conditions - received support from at least 55 countries and support from developed countries, which caused at least 55 percent of the total carbon dioxide emissions.1 After Russia in 2004. ratified the Protocol in November, now it’s ratified by 61.6 percent of total emissions. United States is the world's largest polluter, but it has not ratified the protocol, arguing that its implementation is too expensive.
Mechanisms of The Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol establishes three flexible mechanisms through which countries can implement their own emission reduction commitments: joint projects, the Clean Development Mechanism and the international emissions trading. …
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